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Threonine is an essential amino acid. However amino acids are the building blocks of protein and essential amino acids cannot be made by our body of their own. As a result, this is the reason it is added to our diet. In fact, a complete protein food has threonine present in it. Moreover, complete protein foods are those foods that consist of all amino acids.

Essential amino acid, Threonine

What is Threonine?

Threonine is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce it of its own. After all, it should be supplemented by our diet and is changed in the body to a chemical called glycine.

The structure of threonine is C4H9NO3

Uses of Threonine

Threonine is used to treat various nervous system disorders. Therefore, it is best known for its role in forming the foundation of connective tissues like collagen and elastin.

It can also be used to improve digestion, mood and enhance muscle growth.

Benefits

Reduce anxiety and mild depression

Although the change in the level of threonine helps to reduce anxiety and treats mild depression. Furthermore, glycine helps to calm nerves and supports cognitive health. In addition, it also helps to improve sleep, mood and mental performance.

Improves Muscle and Bone strength

It also helps to improve muscle and bone strength as it allows the production of collagen. As a matter of fact, collagen is found in muscles, bones, skin, blood vessel and the digestive system. In contrast, muscle strength is very important as it helps to protect our muscle from being torn.

Improves Muscle contractions

Surprisingly, it helps to improve muscle conditions. Similarly, the amino acids naturally work to increase the glycin levels in the central nervous system. Moreover, muscle contractions are a major problem and are mainly of 4 types: Isometric, isotonic, eccentric and concentric.

Improves Digestion

At this time, digestion has been a major problem and there are many ways to cure it. The threonine levels in the body also help to cure digestion. Therefore, it protects the digestive tract by producing a mucus gel layer which serves as a barrier to damaging digestive enzymes.

Boosts immune system

In the first place, immunity plays a very important role to keep our body free from any kind of disease. A good immune system is a sign of a healthy body and a body having a good immune system, does not gets infected from any disease so easily.

Deficiency

Undoubtedly, deficiency of threonine is rare as most of the food high in protein or foods with complete protein have threonine present in them. But, people with an unbalanced diet or people who have a low intake of protein per day for eg. Moreover, vegetarians and vegans are not able to get enough threonine from their diet.

Foods

In general, a high protein diet or a well-balanced diet will provide the body with enough amounts to maintain normal levels.

Top Threonine Foods:

  1. Lentils
  2. Spirulina
  3. Carrots
  4. Bananas
  5. Pumpkin Seeds
  6. Sesame Seeds
  7. Kidney Beans
  8. Dairy Products
  9. Organic Meat
  10. Cottage Cheese

Dosage

However, it can be taken up to 1500 mg a day depending upon the deficiency and your needs. Identically, most people consume 500-1000 mg a day. Additionally, the dosage of up to 4 grams a day is safe for 12 months.

Side Effects

The side effects are very rare but if it is not supplemented under proper guidance, then there can be minor side effects which include headache, upset stomach, nausea and skin rash. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult a doctor before adding.

Conclusion

  1. It is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce on its own.
  2. In particular, it is used to treat various nervous system disorders.
  3. Moreover, deficiency is rare as most of the food high in protein or foods with complete protein have threonine present in them.
  4. Vegetarians and Vegans are not able to get enough threonine from their diet.
  5. The side effects are very rare.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the function of threonine?

It is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce it of its own and should be supplemented by our diet. It is changed in the body to a chemical called glycine.

What is threonine found in?

A high protein diet or a well-balanced diet will provide the body with enough threonine to maintain normal levels. Cottage cheese, poultry, fish, meat, lentils, black turtle bean and sesame seeds are some of the examples.

Is threonine essential or nonessential?

It is an essential amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and essential amino acids cannot be made by our body of their own.