High Blood Pressure is also called Hypertension. It is a very serious medical condition that can lead to many other health problems. In hypertension, the flow of blood against the artery walls is too high. The blood pressure of the body increases by narrow arteries.
The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be. There are many foods to avoid with high blood pressure. Some of them are discussed below.
Increased Blood Pressure can cause
- Heart attack
- Narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eye
- Memory loss
- Heart failure/Stroke
- Clog blood vessels in the brain
When is Blood Pressure High Enough To Go To The Hospital?
If your blood pressure is elevated to 180/120 or higher, then you will be experiencing warning symptoms like (chest pain, difficulty in breathing, headache, upper back pain, weakness, or loss of vision, then you should consult a doctor immediately without any delay.
If the blood pressure is lower than 180/120, then taking a few precautions by cutting some food will help to control the blood pressure.
Foods to Avoid with High Blood Pressure
1. Salt or Sodium
Salt is one of the main things to be avoided in high blood pressure. The sodium present in salt increases your blood pressure and causes hypertension.
The dietary guidelines of Americans recommend limiting sodium intake to less than 2300 mg per day, i.e. 1 tablespoon of salt per day.
More potassium should be added to the diet. If a person intakes 2300 mg of sodium per day, then the potassium intake should be double the number, i.e. 4600-4800 mg.
Sugar increases the blood glucose levels in the body and also increases your blood pressure. Many people are not aware of this and keep on consuming high sugar foods.
Moreover, high sugar foods such as packed juices, candies, etc make you overweight and cause many health problems.
AHA recommends, not to exceed the limit of 24 grams of added sugar per day which is equal to 6 tablespoons. Sugar is considered an empty calorie and the calorie present in it has no nutrients.
3. Packed Foods
Packed foods are high in sodium and it increases blood pressure. Preserving any food requires salt as it stops the food to decay. By adding more salt to it, the food does not decay and can be consumed for a longer period of time.
This is the reason why packed foods have a longer self-life than homemade foods. Moreover, packed foods are high in saturated and trans fat.
These are very bad for your heart and to keep your heart healthy, saturated and trans fats should be consumed in limitation.
4. Processed Foods
Processed foods raise your bad cholesterol (LDL) and lower the level of good cholesterol (HDL) which is not healthy for our heart and increases hypertension. The carbohydrates present in processed foods are low in fibre and high in sugar.
The daily percentage of saturated fats should not increase by 10% of your total calorie intake per day. If a person is consuming 3000 calories, then 300 calories can be consumed from saturated fats.
5. Packed Chips
Chips have a shelf-life of at least 1 year and are full of sodium. People with high blood pressure should not even think of consuming these packed chips as the sodium level of chips is very high.
People who are not having hypertension should also limit the intake of chips as they can increase the risk of hypertension.
The sodium levels and other information is always available in the nutrition facts and most people don’t read it. For a better understanding, you should read the nutrition information to get a better understanding of the ingredients added.
Alcohol is high in sugar and calories which in return is very bad for your health. It should be avoided by people suffering from hypertension as it increases blood pressure and leads to obesity.
Alcohol prevents any blood pressure medicines to work effectively that you may be taking. AHA recommends the daily limitation of alcohol to two drinks a day for males and 1 drink per day for females.
One small piece of pickle contains around 450 mg of sodium which increases the daily limitation very fast and it should be avoided by people who are suffering from high blood pressure.
These are some of the worst food that one can consume during hypertension. One should avoid eating it as these foods will increase blood pressure and which in return will cause many health problems.
Other Foods to Avoid
- Maida/White flour
- Peanut Butter
- Roasted cashew nuts
- Baking soda
- Baking powder
- In hypertension, the flow of blood against the artery walls is too high.
- Salt is one of the main things to be avoided in high blood pressure.
- Sugar increases the blood sugar levels in the body and also increases your blood pressure.
- Packed foods are high in sodium and it increases blood pressure.
- The carbohydrates present in processed foods are low in fiber and high in sugar.
- Alcohol is high in sugar and calories which in return is very bad for your health.
- One small piece of pickle contains around 450 mg of sodium which increases the daily limitation very fast.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you feel when you have high blood pressure?
People with high blood pressure may have a feeling of lightheadedness or dizziness, a pounding feeling in their head or chest or other signs.
What should we do when BP is high?
1. Reduce sodium intake.
2. Avoid Coffee.
3. Exercise regularly or go for a walk.
4. Avoid beer and alcohol.
5. Quit smoking.
6. Eat a balanced and healthy diet.
Does anxiety cause high blood pressure?
No, anxiety doesn’t cause long-term high blood pressure but it can cause a temporary spike in your blood pressure.