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Basic knowledge about Health & Fitness

Does Red Wine Vinegar Go Bad

Does Red Wine Vinegar Go Bad

Vinegar is of many types and available at different prices. It usually does not has an expiry date and can last indefinitely. But, if it is not stored properly, the quality can decline and it will lose its flavor and acidity. However, there is a doubt that “Does Red Wine Vinegar Go Bad”?

Although, vinegar can be used in different ways and is very common in many home kitchens. Furthermore, it is considered one of the most useful ingredients which give a very good flavour to your food. The sour flavour of vinegar could be a great dipping sauce but can go wrong for the people who do not like sour flavours. Moreover, it is widely used in noodles and any kind of Chinese dishes. Some people also add it to chilly chicken to make it more delicious.

Does It Need To Be Refrigerated?

To retain its colour and flavour, red wine vinegar needs to be refrigerated once opened. In fact, it is usually made up of soured red wine grapes. This acetic acid is formed when grapes get consumed by the yeast and the acetic acid is the ingredient that gives vinegar its taste and flavours.

Furthermore, red wine vinegar is usually red wine gone bad or sour. For the purpose of improving its quality, it is made using wood casks. Hence, wood casks give it a nice texture and flavor. Thus, keeping the bottle in a cool and dark place, away from direct sunlight will keep it safe for a longer period of time.

How Long Does It Last?

Above all, the expiry date is always mentioned on the label of every bottle of vinegar present in the market. Specifically, it is to inform and make aware of how long the product will retain its quality and freshness. It has a very long shelf life similar to rice vinegar or white vinegar. Red wine vinegar doesn’t contain alcohol and this is the reason why there is no place for bacteria to grow or even live.

Shelf Life Of Vinegar

There is always an expiry date of vinegar but it can be used even after its expiry date. On the other hand, it depends on how you store it and in which weather condition you stay. However, here is the list of few vinegar with their shelf life.

Best beforeCan be used
Rice Vinegar2 years
indefinitely
Balsamic Vinegar2-3 years
indefinitely
Red & White Wine Vinegar2 yearsindefinitely
Apple Cider Vinegar5 yearsindefinitely
Distilled White Vinegar
indefinitely

indefinitely

Health Benefits of Red Wine Vinegar

  • Fat-free
  • Low-calorie
  • High in iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and vitamin C
  • Helps in better digestion
  • Prevents blood sugar spikes

Red Wine Vinegar Substitutes

It is widely available everywhere but if it is not available in your local grocery store, then there are many substitutes for red wine vinegar. Some of them are:

  • White Wine Vinegar
  • Sherry Vinegar
  • Rice Wine Vinegar
  • Champagne Vinegar
  • Balsamic Vinegar
  • Lemon juice
  • Apple cider vinegar

Conclusion

  • Vinegar is of many types and available at different prices.
  • It can be used in different ways and is very common in many home kitchens.
  • The expiry date is always mentioned on the label of every bottle of vinegar present in the market.
  • Eventually, it has a very long shelf life similar to rice vinegar or white vinegar.
  • Similarly, there are many substitutes for red wine vinegar.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any alcohol in red wine vinegar?

Alcohol in vinegar is found in a very small amount. It helps to enhance the taste of any food that we cook.

What is a good substitute for red wine vinegar?

A good substitute for red wine vinegar is white vinegar and red wine. White vinegar is a very common type of vinegar which is added in salads and certain foods.

Is Tea Acidic | Myth or Fact

Is Tea Acidic – Popular Myth and Fact

Drinking tea is very popular worldwide. People of South Asia mostly enjoy having tea every day. In fact, it is a very common beverage and India is a hub for a variety of tea leaves. Moreover, Darjeeling is famous for its tea plantation all over the world have many varieties of tea which differ in taste and smell.

Thus, the question that comes to mind of many people that ” Is Tea Acidic”?

The smell of tea leaves is enough to identify whether the tea is good or bad in quality. Hence, South Asian people are experts in terms of finding the best quality tea leaves. The only question that many people have is that ” Is tea acidic”?

Is Tea Acidic | Myth or Fact

However, according to popular beliefs, tea causes acidity. We cannot say that all tea is acidic but most of them are mildly acidic. For people who are suffering from acid reflux, herbal tea is a good option as it is not acidic. Comparing with juices or any other drinks that we consume daily, tea is less acidic.

Most people follow an unhealthy lifestyle and say that tea has caused acidity. But the truth is that acidity is caused by unhealthy eating habits and not following a proper diet. Following a proper diet will never cause acidity as our body will get those nutrients that it requires.

Is Tea Acidic?

As we all know that acidity is determined on the pH scale. 7 is the neutral point in the pH scale. High acidic food has a low pH.

For eg., pure water is 7 on the pH scale and lemon is around 2 on the pH scale, as it is highly acidic. Foods that are below 4 on the pH scale are considered to be highly acidic.

This is the reason it is very likely to have an adverse effect on digestion and cause acid reflux. In this way, we can see is tea acidic or not.

The pH of Popular Teas

TeapH average
Green Tea7-10
Herbal Teas6-7
Black Tea5-5.5
Lemon Tea3
Fruit Teas2-3

Safe pH Level in Tea

7 is the neutral pH level. A pH level of 5.5 is considered safe in teas. When the level of pH exceeds this amount, then your tea is highly alkaline. But if it is lower than this level, then your tea is acidic.

The safe level of 5.5 can be stick to balance alkaline and acidity. If the tea is more bittern, that means the tea is more acidic.

How to Determine the Acidic Level

As discussed above, acidity can easily be measured by the pH level scale. The neutral scale is about 7. When the pH level is under 4, then the tea will be considered very acidic. Most of the teas have a very negligible level of pH. However, few types of tea are more acidic with a pH level of 3 and even below.

People having the problem of acidity should stop consuming that tea as it will increase their level of acidity.

It is very easy to find out which tea should be avoided. Hence, when the pH is low, the acidity level will be high. When the pH level high, then alkaline is stronger.

This is the only way by which you can know whether it is acidic or alkaline.

How to Lower the Acidity of Your Tea?

Acidity of tea can be lowered by keeping in mind certain things:

  • Try to cut down the brewing time.
  • Choose green tea or mint as they have a higher pH level.
  • Dilute brewed tea with water, cream or milk.
  • Try to avoid lemon or other citrus flavourings.

Is Your Favorite Tea Acidic?

Is Rooibos Tea Acidic

Rooibos Tea is a South African tea which is also known as Redbush tea. It is a non-acidic tea and is also high in antioxidants.

Is Chamomile Tea Acidic

It is less acidic and also helps to cure the risk of heartburn and acid reflux. It is best if served to get rid of an upset stomach and mind.

Is Ice Tea Acidic

However, the pH level is not considered to be acidic but the ingredients used to prepare may vary the acidness.

Is Sweet Tea Acidic

Sweet tea is nice in taste but is highly acidic. Try to avoid sweet teas if you have a problem with acidity.

Is White Tea Acidic

White tea is low in caffeine and is one of the rarest tea available. This is less acidic but is low processed. You need to be careful with this tea.

Conclusion

  1. When the pH level is under 4, then it will be considered very acidic.
  2. When the pH is low, the acidity will be high.
  3. 7 is the neutral pH level.
  4. The safe level of 5.5 can be stick to balance alkaline and acidity.
  5. High acidic food has a low pH.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Can drinking tea cause acid reflux?

The answer to “is tea acidic” is: According to popular beliefs, tea causes acidity. We cannot say that all are acidic but most of them are mildly acidic. For people who are suffering from acid reflux, and an herbal is a good option as it is not acidic.

Q2. How do you make tea less acidic?

1. Try to cut down the brewing time.
2. Choose green tea or mint as they have a higher pH level.
3. Dilute brewed tea with water, cream, or milk.
4. Try to avoid lemon or other citrus flavorings.

Q3. Which tea is best for acid reflux?

Try caffeine-free herbal tea for acid reflux.

Can You Eat Tofu Raw? Taste and Source

Can You Eat Tofu Raw? Accurate Taste and Source

Raw Tofu is also called bean curd. It is made from soybean curds and is naturally gluten-free and low in calories. Besides cottage cheese, tofu is another high protein food that is enjoyed by many people. Moreover, it is good for vegetarians and helps them to complete their daily protein requirement.

Can You Eat Tofu Raw? Taste and Source

It is one of the easiest and most inexpensive ways to add plant-based protein to your diet, as it doesn’t require much preparation. The only thing you have to do is draining excess water. It’s also a good source of many nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, and manganese.

Benefits of eating raw tofu

It can be eaten raw as it is not an animal by-product. Apart from being a diet food, it is also a great source of many important nutrients that our body requires for proper functioning.

However, raw tofu is rich in protein, which helps repair the tissues of the body. Therefore, after a heavy workout, our muscle tissues require protein as they are the building blocks of muscles.

It is also rich in magnesium and calcium despite being low in calories and fats.

Raw tofu may have exactly the same percentage of protein, carbohydrates, fat, and fiber, which may add a lot of advantages for the immune and digestive system. It has low-fat content and people who consume less fat can definitely add it to their diet.

Because of the fantastic odour of soymilk, people love to add it raw to their diet. Cooked tofu does not have the soothing smell of soymilk which becomes the only reason why most people enjoy eating it.

Risk of Eating Raw Tofu

Many people say that raw tofu causes food poisoning but food poisoning caused by raw tofu is really uncommon. We have to make sure that it is prepared properly without using anything that can reduce the shelf life.

Packed tofu usually has a lot of sodium present and to remove it, we should always wash it before cooking. This will not only remove the extra sodium but also will make it more hygienic and germ-free.

Moreover, it is also essential to keep it away from utensils that are used to cook meat, especially chicken and mutton. This will prevent contamination of bacteria and will not cause food poisoning.

Sometimes, the procedure itself may be the main reason behind those risks because it depends upon the cooking style and what ingredients are used to cook.

Eating Tofu In A Vegan Diet

Most raw vegans love to add tofu to their diet. This is because it contains many higher levels of key nutrients and is low in calorie. Some important nutrients include essential amino acids, phosphorus, iron, calcium, selenium, magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, and vitamin B1.

Apart from being rich in nutrients, it also helps to regulate blood pressure, lowers the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases estrogen levels. But, if it is taken in moderation, it will not increase the level of estrogen in the body.

Nutrition Information

Can You Eat Tofu Raw? Taste and Source

How to Store Tofu

  1. Place it in an airtight container and submerge in water and store in the refrigerator by keeping the temperature as low as possible.
  2. Water should be changed daily so that it remains free from bacteria.
  3. You can also store it in a deep freezer.

Different Varieties of Tofu

  • Burmese
  • Seasoned
  • Smoked
  • Silken
  • Egg
  • Soft

Conclusion

  1. It is one of the easiest and most inexpensive ways to add plant-based protein.
  2. It’s also a good source of many nutrients.
  3. Apart from being a diet food, it is also a great source of many important nutrients.
  4. Because of the fantastic odor of soymilk, people love to add it to their diet.
  5. Packed should always be washed before cooking.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is tofu made from?

It is made from dried soybeans that are soaked in water, crushed, and boiled. The mixture is separated into a solid pulp and soy milk.

Does tofu make you fat?

It is a less processed soy food. Aside from the misguided belief soy can cause weight gain. Taking it in limitation will not cause weight gain.

Is tofu difficult to digest?

It is easy to digest and can be great snack or a meal.

Is Chinen Salt Good For Diabetes? Side Effects

Is Chinen Salt Extremely Good For Diabetes? Side Effects

Chinen salt is often used by people who are suffering from diabetes and high blood pressure. It is also recommended by doctors as it is a safe replacement for salt. High blood pressure is caused when the sodium level in the body increases and to make the levels normal, potassium is added to the diet. However, Chinen salt is a good source of potassium and is very important for your body.

Is Chinen Salt Good For Diabetes? Side Effects

Chinen salt is made from Berberine Chloride. It is a salt compound and is found in plants. Chinen salt is not used for cooking and is used as a supplement. It is also known as rock salt or halite and grown mostly in the Himalayan region.

Minerals

Chinen salt contains sodium chloride and sodium nitrate. Besides this, few important minerals are also present.

  1. Manganese: It is a mineral that is needed in a very small amount. It plays an important role in bone formation, blood clotting, and reducing inflammation.
  2. Magnesium: The importance of magnesium is to regulating muscle and nerve function, maintain blood sugar levels, and blood pressure and DNA.
  3. Chromium: It is an essential mineral that can improve insulin sensitivity and enhance protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism.

Can Chinen salt really cure Diabetes?

Chinen salt is mostly used by people who are suffering from diabetes because it helps to regulate blood sugar levels. However, it does not spike the insulin levels which is the reason why it is added. Only adding Chinen salt will not cure your diabetes but it can prevent long term damage to kidneys and pancreas. Although, it is mostly available in pill or capsule form.

However, if it is not available in your local pharmacy, you can order it online. Few medical shops require a prescription, so make sure that you consult a doctor before adding it to your diet. However, if you order it online, just make sure that the product is genuine ad the seller is authorised.

How To Consume Chinen Salt

Chinen salt is a powerful natural antihistamine. Many people are always in doubt that what will be the correct way to use Chinen salt. The answer is simple. Use it just the way you use normal salt. Add a pinch to your salad and you are good to go. You can also add it in with any cuisine. You can also ask the doctor who has consulted you. We have listed the top benefits of Chinen salt for Diabetes, merely for you.

Other Benefits of Chinen salt

Helps in Digestion

Chinen salt aids digestion by letting the food pass easily. It also helps in stimulating the glands that help in proper digestion. There will be no need to add digestive enzymes because our mouth produces saliva which helps to break down the food and help in proper digestion.

Promotes a healthy PH balance

Chinen Salt helps to restore the body PH to its appropriate levels. It also equalizes the fluid intake around and inside the cells and removes heavy metals like mercury and arsenic. PH stands for “power of concentration of the Hydrogen-ion”.

Cures Acne

It cures acne by removing toxins from the body. It also helps in transporting nutrients to the cell in the body that helps to cure acne and other skin diseases. Acne is a common problem between gym goes and youngsters. Chinen salt can help to prevent these problems very easily.

Controls blood sugar levels

The most important benefit is that it controls blood sugar levels as it does not spike insulin levels. It can be taken as a pill and is easily available in medical stores. The important minerals involved in controlling Diabetes that are present in Chinen are Magnesium, Vanadium, Chromium and Manganese.

Prevents muscle cramps

Muscle cramps are very common for people who lift heavy weights in the gym or are into any kind of physical activity. Daily consumption ensures an adequate amount of mineral and fluid in the body which helps to prevents muscle cramps.

What Is Chinen Salt Capsules?

If you have read the whole article, then maybe you suffer from diabetes or someone of your known is suffering from diabetes. You must have heard about Chinen salt capsules as it is becoming very common nowadays.

A number of studies have shown that diabetic people who use salt as a treatment have a much lower incidence of heart attack or stroke. But using it in a correct form and correct time is also very important. Diabetes tend to increase their intake of other nutrients, such as potassium. High potassium levels in the body contributes to high blood pressure and many other health problems.

Side Effects of Chinen salt

The side effects are very rare but if it is not taken under proper guidance, certain side effects can be seen.

Some of the possible side effects are.

  1. Stomach pain
  2. Vomiting
  3. Headache
  4. Diarrhoea
  5. Nausea

Conclusion

  1. It is often used by people who are suffering from diabetes and high blood pressure.
  2. Good source of potassium and is very important for your body.
  3. It is not used for cooking and is used as a supplement.
  4. It also helps in stimulating the glands that help in proper digestion.
  5. The most important benefit is that it controls blood sugar levels as it does not spike insulin levels.

Q1. What is another name for Chinen salt?

1. Chinese Coptis
2. Coptidis Rhizoma
3. Chinese Goldthread
4. Coptis Chinensis
5. Huang Lian

Q2. Where do I find Chinen salt?

It is mostly found in the Himalayas as it contains a large amount of berberine which is a medicinal herb. It is also the main component of Coptis Chinensis.

Q3. What is the best salt for diabetics?

People often say that sea salt is better than table salt but there is no evidence of this. Just eat food rich in iodine, such as seafood and sea vegetables like kelp.

Is Ginger Ale Good for You? Types, Benefits and Side Effects

Is Ginger Ale Good for You?

Ginger ale is a carbonated soda that is made with ginger. While cooking, ginger is mostly used but many people enjoy it as a drink to cure heartburn and nausea.

Ginger has many health benefits and is widely used by every household for cooking purposes. Besides having benefits, there are also few downsides of adding ginger ale to your diet.

This article will give you a brief knowledge about the types, benefits, and side effects.

Is Ginger Ale Good for You? Types, Benefits and Side Effects

What is Ginger Ale?

It is a beverage that is carbonated and flavoured with spice ginger and is mostly consumed in summers by mixing it with other recipes.

It is made by mixing high fructose corn syrup and carbonated water with sugar. Sometimes the manufacturers add artificial flavoring to enhance its taste

Many brands do not disclose all the ingredients used by them as some of the ingredients may be harmful for the body.

Some people think that ginger ale has alcohol present in it but it is not true. According to Wikipedia “Original ginger beer contains 11% alcohol, but modern ginger beer contains less than 0.5% alcohol while modern ginger ale has absolutely no alcohol content”.

Most of the ginger ale contains almost no real ginger. It is because of the artificial flavor and other ingredients, we get the taste of ginger.

Types

They are of 3 types:

Diet Ginger Ale

This type contains little or no sugar and used artificial sweeteners to enhance the taste. It is basically a calorie free drink and can help in weight loss.

Dry Ginger Ale

As the name suggests, the taste is drier and spicier. Most people prefer dry because of its taste. “Dry” is basically a marketing term used by manufacturers.

Regular Ginger Ale

It is the most common type and it consists of artificial sugars. It is high in calorie and the calorie comes mostly from sugar. They also contain other ingredients that most of the brand do not disclose.

It is also available in different flavors like Blackberry ginger ale, Cranberry ginger ale, Red Rock ginger ale, etc.

Does Ginger Ale Have Caffeine?

It is naturally caffeine-free as it is made up of soda, sugar and other ingredients. This makes it a good alternative to coke and other packed drinks which are high in caffeine.

Benefits

Supports Heart Health

It helps in lowering the blood pressure which in return helps in improving the heart health.

Reduces Nausea

Ginger helps to cure upset stomach. This is because of the natural substances present in ginger.

Has Antioxidant Properties

Antioxidants are very important substances that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals. Ginger oil is basically a natural source of antioxidants.

Side Effects

The side effects can be ignored because this will not harm you in any way if consumed in moderation. Some of the common side effects are:

Artificial Sweeteners

It has artificial sweeteners present in it to enhance its taste. The sugars present in it has empty calories and not good for the health. But this can totally be avoided by adding diet ginger ale as it has no calorie present.

Many studies have found that consuming too much can cause metabolic changes and can lead to type 2 diabetes.

Increased Risk of Bleeding

Consuming too much ginger for a prolonged period can increase the risk of bleeding. Consuming ginger in large amount can be a problem if a person is consuming blood thinning medication.

Causes Bloating and Burping

Because of the carbonation which is very common in carbonated beverages, bloating and burping becomes very common. These calorie-free beverages causes diarrhea an bloating if consumed in large amounts.

Nutrition Facts

NutrientValue (Per 100 grams)
Calories34
Protein0 gram
Carbohydrates9 gram
Fats0 gram
Sugar9 gram
Fiber0 gram
Sodium1 mg
Potassium7 mg
Cholesterol0 mg

Essential amino acid, Threonine

Threonine Uses, Benefits, and Side Effects

Threonine is an essential amino acid. However amino acids are the building blocks of protein and essential amino acids cannot be made by our body of their own. As a result, this is the reason it is added to our diet. In fact, a complete protein food has threonine present in it. Moreover, complete protein foods are those foods that consist of all amino acids.

Essential amino acid, Threonine

What is Threonine?

Threonine is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce it of its own. After all, it should be supplemented by our diet and is changed in the body to a chemical called glycine.

The structure of threonine is C4H9NO3

Uses of Threonine

Threonine is used to treat various nervous system disorders. Therefore, it is best known for its role in forming the foundation of connective tissues like collagen and elastin.

It can also be used to improve digestion, mood and enhance muscle growth.

Benefits

Reduce anxiety and mild depression

Although the change in the level of threonine helps to reduce anxiety and treats mild depression. Furthermore, glycine helps to calm nerves and supports cognitive health. In addition, it also helps to improve sleep, mood and mental performance.

Improves Muscle and Bone strength

It also helps to improve muscle and bone strength as it allows the production of collagen. As a matter of fact, collagen is found in muscles, bones, skin, blood vessel and the digestive system. In contrast, muscle strength is very important as it helps to protect our muscle from being torn.

Improves Muscle contractions

Surprisingly, it helps to improve muscle conditions. Similarly, the amino acids naturally work to increase the glycin levels in the central nervous system. Moreover, muscle contractions are a major problem and are mainly of 4 types: Isometric, isotonic, eccentric and concentric.

Improves Digestion

At this time, digestion has been a major problem and there are many ways to cure it. The threonine levels in the body also help to cure digestion. Therefore, it protects the digestive tract by producing a mucus gel layer which serves as a barrier to damaging digestive enzymes.

Boosts immune system

In the first place, immunity plays a very important role to keep our body free from any kind of disease. A good immune system is a sign of a healthy body and a body having a good immune system, does not gets infected from any disease so easily.

Deficiency

Undoubtedly, deficiency of threonine is rare as most of the food high in protein or foods with complete protein have threonine present in them. But, people with an unbalanced diet or people who have a low intake of protein per day for eg. Moreover, vegetarians and vegans are not able to get enough threonine from their diet.

Foods

In general, a high protein diet or a well-balanced diet will provide the body with enough amounts to maintain normal levels.

Top Threonine Foods:

  1. Lentils
  2. Spirulina
  3. Carrots
  4. Bananas
  5. Pumpkin Seeds
  6. Sesame Seeds
  7. Kidney Beans
  8. Dairy Products
  9. Organic Meat
  10. Cottage Cheese

Dosage

However, it can be taken up to 1500 mg a day depending upon the deficiency and your needs. Identically, most people consume 500-1000 mg a day. Additionally, the dosage of up to 4 grams a day is safe for 12 months.

Side Effects

The side effects are very rare but if it is not supplemented under proper guidance, then there can be minor side effects which include headache, upset stomach, nausea and skin rash. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult a doctor before adding.

Conclusion

  1. It is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce on its own.
  2. In particular, it is used to treat various nervous system disorders.
  3. Moreover, deficiency is rare as most of the food high in protein or foods with complete protein have threonine present in them.
  4. Vegetarians and Vegans are not able to get enough threonine from their diet.
  5. The side effects are very rare.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the function of threonine?

It is an essential amino acid and our body cannot produce it of its own and should be supplemented by our diet. It is changed in the body to a chemical called glycine.

What is threonine found in?

A high protein diet or a well-balanced diet will provide the body with enough threonine to maintain normal levels. Cottage cheese, poultry, fish, meat, lentils, black turtle bean and sesame seeds are some of the examples.

Is threonine essential or nonessential?

It is an essential amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and essential amino acids cannot be made by our body of their own.

Galactose and Glucose

What is Galactose? Galactose and Glucose

Galactose is a sugar that is found in milk. In other words, we can say that it is milk sugar. However, it is made up of two sugars, gal and glucose. Furthermore, it is 65% as sweet as sucrose. The milk consists of acid known as lactic acid and has lactose present in it. Moreover, a galactor molecule linked with glucose molecule forms a lactose molecule.

Galactose and Glucose

Galactose

It is abbreviated as Gal and is a monosaccharide sugar that is sweeter than glucose. Though, the main dietary source is glucose.

DGalactose is a monosaccharide sugar that serves as an energy source and glycosylation component. It is a C-4 epimer of glucose and often used as a source of carbon in culture media. Galactose is a component of the disaccharide lactose and released upon hydrolysis by β-galactosidase enzymes.

Glucose

It is a monosaccharide and is a simple sugar. The naturally occurring glucose is known as D-Glucose, but L-Glucose does not occur naturally. However, it does not has any colour and gets dissolved in water very easily.

It is a subcategory of carbohydrates and the most abundant monosaccharide. Glucose is mainly made by plants and most algae during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight, where it is used to make cellulose in cell walls.

Galactose Structure

The chemical formula of galactose, as well as glucose, is the same, i.e: C6H12O6.

Glucose and Galactose

Similarly, both of them are two different types of carbohydrates. The formula for both is the same but the main difference is the position of each hydroxyl group in the carbon.

Although the main difference is that glucose is a simple sugar and tastes sweet. Gal is also a simple sugar but is less sweet than glucose.

The melting point of gal is 167oC which is much higher than glucose as the melting point of glucose is about 145-150oC.

The –OH group of the 4th carbon of D-Gal is directed towards the left side whereas, in D-Glucose, it is directed towards the right side.

Finally, both of them are composed of C, H and O atoms but glucose is sweeter than a gal.

Beta d Glucose

BetaDglucose is d-Glucopyranose with the beta configuration at the anomeric centre. It has a role as an epitope and a mouse metabolite. It is an enantiomer of beta-L-glucoseBetaD-Glucopyranose is the beta isoform of D-glucopyranose, a synthetic simple monosaccharide as an energy source.

Conclusion

  1. Glucose is a monosaccharide and is a simple sugar.
  2. A galactor molecule linked with glucose molecule forms a lactose molecule.
  3. The main dietary source of gal is glucose.
  4. Glucose does not has any colour and gets dissolved in water very easily.
  5. Gal and Glucose are two different types of carbohydrates.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is galactose different from glucose?

The difference is only in the position of one hydroxyl group. This makes galactose different from glucose. This gives gal different chemical and biochemical properties to glucose.

What is galactose made of?

Galactose is a sugar found in milk. It is a disaccharide and is made up of two sugars, gal and glucose.

What is a galactose free diet?

Most of the food containing protein are galactose free such as chicken, poultry and eggs. In galactose free diet, the calcium level becomes very low. It is suggested to add calcium supplements.

Ketogenic Diet

Ketogenic Diet: Side Effects and Benefits

It is basically a low carb, high-fat diet that offers many health benefits. In the first place, the macro breakdown in the ketogenic diet is 70% fats, 5% carbs and 25% protein. Moreover, this low carb diet will not allow your body to generate energy from glucose and your body will start burning fat. In other words, we can say that you will eat fat to burn fat.

Furthermore, the total calories consumed in a day comes from fat as 1 gram of fat contains 9 calories. As a matter of fact, a person with a 2000 calorie diet will consume around 155 grams of fat; 25 grams of carbohydrates; 125 grams of protein.

Ketogenic Diet

Types Of Ketogenic Diet

The ketogenic diet is of 4 types. It depends upon person to person, what type of keto diet they want to follow according to their goals.

Standard Ketogenic Diet (SDK)

It is one of the most common types of the keto diet and it consists of high fat, moderate protein and low carbs. 70% calories in SDK comes from fat, 25% calories from protein and only 5% calories from carbs.

Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD)

In this type, people cut down carbs on rest days (when they do not work out) and add carbs on their workout days so that the calories that come from carbs, get burned during the workout.

Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD)

Cyclic Keto Diet is very different from Standard and Targeted Keto diet as in this, 5 days people follow the keto diet and 2 days are considered as high carbs day.

High Protein Ketogenic Diet (HPKD)

As the name suggests, in this people intake most of their calories from protein. This type of keto diet is important for those who want to lose fat but at the same time, do not want to lose muscles.

Benefits

  • Supports Weight Loss: The main reason to follow a ketogenic diet is to lose weight. As it is a low carb diet, it will help you to lose weight faster than any other diet.
  • Good For Diabetic People: Low carb diet will not spike your insulin levels and thus it helps people to fight diabetes.
  • May Protect Brain Function: The ketones that generate during the keto diet provide neuroprotective benefits, which means they can strengthen and protect the brain and nerve cells.
  • Cures Heart Disease: Ketogenic diet increases HDL (high-density lipoprotein) which is good cholesterol and helps to protect our heart. It also manages our blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

Side Effects Of Ketogenic Diet

Nowadays, people are concern about Keto-flu which is normal when we follow a ketogenic diet. Our body gets adapted to a low carb diet and lower carb intake forces the body to burn ketones for energy instead of glucose.

Following a Ketogenic diet can lead to headache, constipation, weakness and even vomiting. These side effects are very common and we can overcome them with proper guidance. Another major side effect of the Keto diet is that many people fail in the first week itself because of the cravings. To overcome their cravings, people follow Cyclical Ketogenic Diet.

Our E-Book: Create Your Own Diet Plans (Part-1)

Foods To Eat In Ketogenic Diet

  • Nuts: Nuts are considered a high-fat food. Almonds and Peanuts are a good source of Unsaturated fats which can be added to your diet.
  • High Fat Dairy: Dairy products such as butter, full cream milk and cheese are a good source of fat. 10-20% of total calories from fat can be consumed from dairy products.
  • Eggs: We all know that eggs are a good source of protein and 1 whole egg consists of 6 grams of protein and 5 grams of fat. Consuming 2-3 whole eggs is safe during a keto diet.
  • Meat: Chicken Breast or red meat can be added to the keto diet to increase the protein intake per day. Chicken breast is considered a lean source of protein whereas red meat has some amount of fat present in it.
  • Sea-Foods: Another good source of protein and omega-3. Seafood such as Salmon and Tuna are very common in muscle building and fat loss. It is considered to have smaller fish like sardines, mackerel and herring. 

Foods To Avoid In Ketogenic Diet

  • Oats: Oats is considered a high carb food containing around 65 grams of carbs per 100 grams. Eating oats will increase your carbs intake per day which is not recommended in a keto diet.
  • Quinoa: It is another type of grain that is consumed by many people after oats. People on a ketogenic diet usually avoid any kind of grains in their diet.
  • Wheat: It is a very good source of carbs as 1 medium size chapatti has around 20 grams of carbs. This is the only reason people avoid wheat in the keto diet.
  • Rice: Both brown, as well as white rice, provide a good amount of carbs. Brown rice has some amount of protein in it, but the carbs present in it is twice as protein.
  • Bananas: 1 medium-size banana has 25 grams of carbs and having one banana will complete your total carbs intake per day.

Conclusion

  • The Ketogenic Diet is a low carb, high-fat diet that offers many health benefits.
  • The main reason to follow a ketogenic diet is to lose weight.
  • It helps people to fight diabetes.
  • Strengthen and protect the brain and nerve cells.
  • Helps to protect our heart.
  • Can lead to headache, constipation, weakness and even vomiting.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why keto diet is bad?

The keto diet could cause low blood pressure, kidney stones, constipation, nutrient deficiencies and an increased risk of heart disease.

How does the keto diet work?

The keto diet aims to force your body into using a different type of fuel. Instead of relying on sugar (glucose) that comes from carbohydrates (such as grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruits).

How long should I do Keto?

Registered dietitians warn that nutrient deficiencies may be possible if you’re on it for too long. Stick to the keto diet for three to six months max, says Mancinelli, noting that some people opt to cycle in and out of the diet throughout the year.

Glycemic Index: Defination and how to use it

Glycemic Index: Definition and How To Use It

Glycemic Index can be defined as a relative ability of a carbohydrate food to increase the level of glucose in the blood. It is a number from 0 to 100 assigned to food. Lower the GI, the less it may affect your blood sugar levels. GI of a food is influenced by several factors such as nutrient composition, cooking method, ripeness, and the amount of processing.

Three Glycemic Ratings Table

Low GI Foods55 or less
Medium GI Foods56-69
High GI Foods70+
Here are the 3 GI ratings

Glycemic Index v/s Glycemic Load

We should always keep in mind that the Glycemic Index of food is different from Glycemic Load. Glycemic Index does not take into account the amount of food eaten but the Glycemic Load factors in the number of carbohydrates (in grams) in a serving of food to determine how it may affect blood sugar levels.

Low Glycemic Index Diet

Food low in GI gets digested slowly causing a low rise in blood sugar levels.

Benefits

Following are the health benefits of a low GI diet, including:

Improved blood sugar levels

Following a low GI diet may reduce blood sugar levels as it does not digest quickly and there is no spike in insulin levels.

Helps in weight loss

Following a low GI diet may help in short-term weight loss. It is helpful for weight management.

Reduce cholesterol levels

Low GI diet can also help to reduce bad cholesterol known as (LDL).

High Glycemic Diet

Food high in GI gets digested quickly causing a rise in blood sugar levels. There is no benefit of high GI foods and foods high in refined carbs and sugar have high GI than food high in protein, fiber, and fat.

List Of Food low in GI

  • Fruits: Apples, Oranges, Lemon, Berries, etc.
  • Vegetables: Carrots, Green Peas, Green Beans, Lettuce, etc.
  • Legumes: Beans, Lentils, Split Peas, Hummus, etc.

List Of Food High in GI

  • Fruits: Banana, Pineapple, Watermelon, Mango, etc.
  • Vegetables: White Potatoes, Parsnips, etc.
  • Other: Sugar and starchy foods, White rice, Soft drinks, etc.

Conclusion

  • Glycemic Index increases the level of glucose in the blood.
  • Lower the GI, the less it may affect your blood sugar levels.
  • Food low in GI gets digested slowly causing a low rise in blood sugar levels.
  • Following a low GI diet may help in short-term weight loss.
  • Food high in GI gets digested quickly causing a rise in blood sugar levels.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the best low GI foods?

Green vegetables, most fruits, raw carrots, kidney beans, chickpeas, lentils and bran breakfast cereals. Medium GI : Sweet corn, bananas, raw pineapple, raisins, oat breakfast cereals, and multigrain, oat bran or rye bread.

Which are high glycemic foods?

Sugar and sugary foods, Sugary soft drinks, White bread, Potatoes, White rice.

What are low GI foods for diabetics?

Cherries, Grapefruit, Dried apricots, Pears, Apples, Oranges, Plums.

Bulking

Bulking-What To Do And Avoid

When we hear the word Bulking, the first thing that comes to our mind is BIG BODYBUILDERS with big biceps and chest. However, bulking can be of many types: Muscle gain, Fat gain, Clean bulk, or Dirty bulk. Moreover, there are many rumors that bulking is only done in winters or cutting is done in summers. In many countries, there is no winter season (like UAE) but the people out there do bulk up by eating the right food at the right time.

Bulking-What To Do And Avoid

Types Of Bulking

Bulking is mainly divided into two types

CLEAN BULK

In clean bulk, people balance their macros and eat according to their daily calorie requirements. For instance, a surplus of 400-500 calories is done which includes High Carbohydrates, Moderate Protein, and Low Fats. People make sure that they eat healthy foods and avoid junk foods. Eating more calories does not mean eating empty calories that we get from candies or any kind of junk food. The calories that we consume should be nutrition dense. The correct percentage of macros should be:

Carbohydrates 50%; Protein 30%; Fats 20%

If you are on a 3000 calorie diet, then Carbohydrates should be 375 grams; Protein 225 gram; Fats 67 grams

DIRTY BULK

In this, people do not balance their macros and eat whatever they like. A surplus of 1000-2000 calories is done and macros are also not balanced. Keeping track of daily calorie intake is not done and people end up getting fat. After getting fat they focus on cutting which takes around 6-8 months.

Bulking Diet

If a person is gaining weight, then he has to eat 500 calories more than his maintenance calories. It’s all up to the person that how much surplus he wants to go. If a surplus of 800-1000 calories is made, then it will result in fat storage and will be considered as dirty bulk.

Thus, a surplus of 400-500 calories is good enough to gain healthy weight and put on lean muscle mass.

Carbs To Protein Ratio In Bulking

In clean bulk, the carbohydrates to protein ratio are 2:1. That means if you eat 50 grams of carbs per meal, then you should take around 25 grams of protein with that meal. Keep that amount low and increase your meals. It is recommended to take around 5-7 meals per day. Add healthy fats to your meal keeping in mind your limitation per day.

All About Mass Gainers

Mass Gainers are filled with calories which mainly come from sugar and using mass gainers can make you fat. If you are very thin and your goal is to gain around 20-25 kg, in that case, you can add mass gainers but do not skip your meals.

Here are some mass gainers which you can try while Bulking

Bulking-What To Do And Avoid Optimum Nutrition Serious Mass.
MuscleBlaze Super Mass Gainer XXL.
Asitis Nutrition AS-IT-IS Mass Gainer.
Myprotein Weight Gainer Blend.
GNC Pro Performance Weight Gainer.

Some Important Tips

  • Try working out 5-6 times a week.
  • Lift heavy (avoid ego lifting).
  • Proper sleep of at least 8 hours.
  • Keep track of your weight.
  • Add protein shakes if necessary.
  • Start adding before-bed meals.
  • Breakfast should be very nutritious.
  • After working out, take around 20-25 grams of protein.
  • Pre-workout should be high in carbs.

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